This chapter covers core curriculum topics relating to nutrition including assessment of nutritional risk. Specific micronutrient deficiencies are largely covered in the ‘Small Intestine’ chapter but, where appropriate, additional information is provided in this chapter. Decision making about enteral feeding routes and complications of longer-term feeding tubes such as percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomies, and their management, is discussed. Key aspects of intestinal failure requiring parenteral nutrition, including short bowel syndrome, are presented including management of types 2 and 3 intestinal failure. Education is provided on electrolyte content of key intravenous fluids. Coverage of bariatric surgical techniques and their complications round off this chapter. Additional curriculum material regarding nutrition will also be covered in the mock examination chapter.
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