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Oil and the Great Powers – Britain and Germany, 1914 to 1945 - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Oil and the Great Powers: Britain and Germany, 1914 to 1945

Anand Toprani


During the first half of the twentieth century, a lack of oil constrained Britain and Germany from exerting their economic and military power independently. Having fought World War I with oil imported from the United States, Britain was determined to avoid relying upon another great power for its energy needs ever again. Even before the war had ended, Whitehall began implementing a strategy of developing alternative sources of oil under British control. Britain’s key supplier would be the Middle East—already a region of vital importance to the British Empire, but one whose oil potential was st ... More

Keywords: Oil, petroleum, energy, strategy, World War I, World War II, Germany, Britain, political economy, history

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2019 Print ISBN-13: 9780198834601
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2019 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198834601.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Anand Toprani, author
Assistant Professor of Strategy & Policy, US Naval War College