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Oil and the Great PowersBritain and Germany, 1914 to 1945$
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Anand Toprani

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198834601

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198834601.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 January 2022



Oil and the End of European Primacy, 1914–1945

(p.253) Conclusion
Oil and the Great Powers

Anand Toprani

Oxford University Press

The shift from coal to oil as the developed world’s dominant source of energy was the most significant change in energy-consumption patterns of the twentieth century. It had profound consequences for the global balance of power by limiting the autonomy of Britain, Germany, and other powers lacking domestic sources of oil. Conversely, the shift enhanced the power of the United States and the Soviet Union, both of which possessed extensive supplies. Because of its geopolitical significance, the history of oil is an important chapter in the story of Europe’s decline in the twentieth century, much as the history of coal is central to explaining Europe’s rise a century before....

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