Definitions, a potted history, and implications for health
Globalization is not a new phenomenon but the rise of industrialization and capitalism changed earlier periods of global expansionism to one that is dominated more by transnational corporations and global capital than by governments and their armies. Globalization is not a singular event, but a confluence of multiple, dynamic, and inter-linked processes. Some of these processes reflect changes in perceptions of time, space, and ideas, while others are shaped primarily by economic relations. The term, globalization, only began to replace an older concept (internationalization) in the 1990s, and was used principally to describe global market integration, hinting at the role economic interests have always played in what many in the world would now describe as ‘globalization’. In overviewing the entire book, this chapter also begins to engage in the debate: is globalization good for health, or bad for health?
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