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Urban Evolutionary Biology

Marta Szulkin, Jason Munshi-South, and Anne Charmantier

Abstract

Cities occupy about 3 per cent of the Earth’s habitable land area and are home to one out of two humans worldwide; both estimates are predicted to grow. Urban space is thus becoming an important, novel ecological niche for humans and wildlife alike. Building on knowledge gathered by urban ecologists during the last half century, evidence of evolutionary responses to urbanization has rapidly emerged. Urban evolutionary biology is a nascent yet fast-growing field of research—and a fascinating testing ground for evolutionary biologists worldwide. Urbanization offers a great range of opportunities ... More

Keywords: Cities, natural selection, parallel evolution, evolutionary ecology, landscape genetics, local adaptation, sexual selection, ecophysiology, metacommunities dynamics, cognition

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2020 Print ISBN-13: 9780198836841
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2020 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198836841.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Marta Szulkin, editor
Associate Professor, Centre of New Technologies, University of Warsaw

Jason Munshi-South, editor
Associate Professor, Department of Biological Sciences, Fordham University

Anne Charmantier, editor
Director of Research, CEFE, University of Montpellier

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Contents

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Chapter 1 Introduction

Marta Szulkin, Jason Munshi-South, and Anne Charmantier

Chapter 2 How to Quantify Urbanization When Testing for Urban Evolution?

Marta Szulkin, Colin J. Garroway, Michela Corsini, Andrzej Z. Kotarba, and Davide Dominoni

Chapter 3 Urban Environments as a Framework to Study Parallel Evolution

James S. Santangelo, Lindsay S. Miles, Sophie T. Breitbart, David Murray-Stoker, L. Ruth Rivkin, Marc T.J. Johnson, and Rob W. Ness

Chapter 5 Adaptation Genomics in Urban Environments

Charles Perrier, Aude Caizergues, and Anne Charmantier

Chapter 7 The Evolutionary Ecology of Mutualisms in Urban Landscapes

Rebecca E. Irwin, Elsa Youngsteadt, Paige S. Warren, and Judith L. Bronstein

Chapter 9 Adaptive Evolution of Plant Life History in Urban Environments

Amanda J. Gorton, Liana T. Burghardt, and Peter Tiffin

Chapter 10 Urbanization and Evolution in Aquatic Environments

R. Brian Langerhans and Elizabeth M.A. Kern

Chapter 11 Evolutionary Dynamics of Metacommunities in Urbanized Landscapes

Kristien I. Brans, Lynn Govaert, and Luc De Meester

Chapter 12 Terrestrial Locomotor Evolution in Urban Environments

Kristin M. Winchell, Andrew C. Battles, and Talia Y. Moore

Chapter 13 Urban Evolutionary Physiology

Caroline Isaksson and Frances Bonier

Chapter 14 Urban Sexual Selection

Tuul Sepp, Kevin J. McGraw, and Mathieu Giraudeau

Chapter 15 Cognition and Adaptation to Urban Environments

Daniel Sol, Oriol Lapiedra, and Simon Ducatez

Chapter 16 Selection on Humans in Cities

Emmanuel Milot and Stephen C. Stearns