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Urban Evolutionary Biology$
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Marta Szulkin, Jason Munshi-South, and Anne Charmantier

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780198836841

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198836841.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 16 May 2022

Adaptive Evolution of Plant Life History in Urban Environments

Adaptive Evolution of Plant Life History in Urban Environments

(p.142) Chapter 9 Adaptive Evolution of Plant Life History in Urban Environments
Urban Evolutionary Biology

Amanda J. Gorton

Liana T. Burghardt

Peter Tiffin

Oxford University Press

Many of the environmental factors that shape selection on plant life-history traits, including temperature, water availability, growing-season length, nutrient availability, and biotic community, differ between urban and rural environments, as well as within urban environments. Therefore, we might expect that plant life-history traits are of central importance to plant adaptation to urban environments. While the study of adaptive evolution of plant life-history traits in urban environments is in its early stages, those studies that have been conducted provide clear evidence for adaptive divergence between urban and rural plant populations in plant life-history traits related to phenology, fecundity, and dispersal. This chapter reviews the existing studies that provide a foundation for understanding the adaptation of plant life histories in urban environments, and also point to directions of potentially fruitful further research.

Keywords:   Phenology, flowering, drought, temperature, fecundity, counter-gradient, plasticity

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