Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Criminality at Work$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Alan Bogg, Jennifer Collins, Mark Freedland, and Jonathan Herring

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780198836995

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198836995.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 21 June 2021

The Carceral State at Work

The Carceral State at Work

Exclusion, Coercion, and Subordinated Inclusion

(p.496) 25 The Carceral State at Work
Criminality at Work

Noah D Zatz

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents a very striking configuration of the relationship between the criminal law and the world of work: in the United States, custodial punishment for criminal offences, bearing especially heavily upon the population of colour, is so extensive as to identify that country as a ‘carceral state’; and it is one in which this enormous resort to imprisonment has seemingly contradictory repressive effects upon the workforce. On the one hand, it excludes many people from the labour market through pervasive discrimination against those with a criminal record. But on the other hand, it coerces many people into work; several institutions require people not currently imprisoned to work or face incarceration as a sanction. The contradiction may be resolved by considering the quality of work at issue, as exclusion from better jobs is complemented by coercion into worse ones: ‘subordinated inclusion’. This transformative effect of criminalization alters one’s basic understanding of how labour law regulates personal work relations.

Keywords:   imprisonment, prison labour, forced labour, activation, criminal records, personal work relations, labour law, labour market, United States

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .