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The Politics of Presidential Term Limits$
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Alexander Baturo and Robert Elgie

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198837404

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198837404.001.0001

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The Politics of Presidential Term Limits in Mexico

The Politics of Presidential Term Limits in Mexico

(p.141) 8 The Politics of Presidential Term Limits in Mexico
The Politics of Presidential Term Limits

Joseph L. Klesner

Oxford University Press

In Mexico’s presidential system, the struggle over term limits was at the heart of efforts to institutionalize regimes from 1857 through 1933. Before the 1910 Revolution, Porfirio Díaz both called for his predecessors’ overthrow by appealing to the principle of no-re-election and then manipulated that principle in order to stay in power. The rallying cry of the 1910 Revolution became “Effective Suffrage, No-Reelection.” Despite a late-1920s effort to backpedal from no-re-election, the principle has been scrupulously adhered to. It was extended to all electoral offices in 1933. As a consequence, the revolutionary party was able to avoid one-man rule during its 71 years in power. Term limits promoted the circulation of party militants in electoral office and appointed positions even while it weakened the legislature in its relationship to executive power. Even after the revolutionary party lost power in 2000, it kept reformers from amending non-re-election for legislators until 2014.

Keywords:   No-re-election, re-election, term limits, Institutional Revolutionary Party PRI, Dedazo, Alvaro Orbregón, Porfirio Díaz, Plutarco Elias Calles

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