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Genders and ClassifiersA Cross-Linguistic Typology$
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Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald and Elena I. Mihas

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198842019

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198842019.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 26 November 2020

Multifunctionality of deictic classifiers in the Toba language (Guaycuruan)

Multifunctionality of deictic classifiers in the Toba language (Guaycuruan)

(p.197) 7 Multifunctionality of deictic classifiers in the Toba language (Guaycuruan)
Genders and Classifiers

Cristina Messineo

Paola Cúneo

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents the multiple functions of deictic classifier (DCs)—a cross-linguistically less frequently attested type—in the Toba language (Guaycuruan, Gran Chaco region). The system of six DCs encodes position of the human body (standing, sitting, lying down), distance (proximal and distal) and visual evidentiality (in sight / out of sight). Since DCs in Toba form a rather complex and multifunctional system, in which they carry functions in the areas of semantics (as classifiers), morphosyntax (as determiners), pragmatics (in the signalling of time and evidentiality), syntax and discourse (in the information structure), and style (as elements in the performance of certain text genres), the chapter proposes to illustrate the interplay between these functions in order to provide a more complete picture of the role of DCs in Toba.

Keywords:   deictic classifier, position, Toba, Gran Chaco region, information structure, text genre

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