Chapter 7 offers the conclusion, summarizing the findings of the book regarding China’s status dilemma, pinpointing when status matters to China and how status affects China’s position on intervention. The chapter then discusses the implications for understanding China’s foreign policy and the scope conditions for status, showing that even China’s core interests are permeable to status concerns. The analysis shifts to China as an actor in global governance and China’s contributions to modifying normative discourse regarding global peace and security looking at the developmental peace concept, the Belt and Road Initiative, and the “Community for a Shared Future of Mankind.” Next, the chapter considers implications for International Relations, including understanding status as an element for cooperation—as opposed to conflict—and the external validity of the status dilemma for other rising powers. The chapter closes on the implications for international politics of the contestation of regime change and intervention, and further research avenues regarding the status dilemma, intervention, and China’s behavior at the UN Security Council.
Keywords: Chinese foreign policy, intervention, status, UN Security Council, rising powers, core interest, Belt and Road Initiative, Community for a Shared Future of Mankind, developmental peace, status dilemma
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