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Contested World OrdersRising Powers, Non-Governmental Organizations, and the Politics of Authority Beyond the Nation-State$
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Matthew D. Stephen and Michael Zürn

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198843047

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198843047.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 31 October 2020

Exclusive Club Under Stress

Exclusive Club Under Stress

The G7 between Rising Powers and Non-state Actors after the Cold War

(p.124) 4 Exclusive Club Under Stress
Contested World Orders

Dirk Peters

Oxford University Press

This chapter traces how the seemingly united front against the G7 by rising powers and civil society actors broke apart in the early 2010s. While rising power criticism of the G7 waned after the first G20 summits, civil society organizations (CSOs) maintained their critical stance and extended it to the G20. The chapter argues that, from the beginning, contestation by the two sets of actors had focused on different issues. Opposition by rising powers was driven mainly by their own exclusion from the governance club. In contrast, many civil society actors rejected not only the exclusiveness of the G7 on a much more fundamental level but also the idea of liberal macroeconomic coordination as such (policy content). To demonstrate this, the chapter develops a framework for analysis, based on the introductory chapter to this volume. It, then, describes the G7 and its post-Cold War development and analyses the key institutional bones of contention for the BRICS states and for important non-state actors. The analysis shows that rising power governments always had been much closer to business actors and G7 members than to CSOs in their vision for macroeconomic governance. The upgrading of the G20 brought the divergence of positions between the BRICS and CSOs clearly to light as it satisfied the BRICS’ desire for inclusion and left CSOs alone with their more fundamental critique of liberal governance through small groups of powerful states.

Keywords:   G7, rising powers, BRICS, anti-globalization movement, business interests, contestation, macroeconomic coordination, liberalism

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