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The Emergence of Functions in Language$
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Zygmunt Frajzyngier and Marielle Butters

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780198844297

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198844297.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 21 January 2022

Methodology

Methodology

Chapter:
(p.23) 2 Methodology
Source:
The Emergence of Functions in Language
Author(s):

Zygmunt Frajzyngier

Marielle Butters

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198844297.003.0002

A prerequisite for the discovery of functions is the determination of formal means of coding within the language. The discovery of functions and motivations for the emergence of functions is based on the claim that each function is a member of some functional domain. A determining characteristic of a function is its contrast with other functions within the domain. The chapter postulates that a distinction should be made between structural functions that allow the listener to identify the types of constituents in the clause and functions encoding meaning. The chapter illustrates the discovery of the functions of the following: the ‘progressive’ and the ‘perfect’ forms in English; ‘reflexives’ in some Indo-European languages; point of view of the subject; and goal orientation in several languages; pronouns in several languages.

Keywords:   Discovery of functions, formal means, aspect, reflexives, point of view of the subject, goal orientation, functions of pronouns Discovery of functions, formal means, aspect, reflexives, point of view of the subject, goal orientation, functions of pronouns

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