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The Emergence of Functions in Language$
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Zygmunt Frajzyngier and Marielle Butters

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780198844297

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198844297.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 January 2022

Inherent properties of verbs and nouns and the emergence of the locative function

Inherent properties of verbs and nouns and the emergence of the locative function

Chapter:
(p.187) 9 Inherent properties of verbs and nouns and the emergence of the locative function
Source:
The Emergence of Functions in Language
Author(s):

Zygmunt Frajzyngier

Marielle Butters

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198844297.003.0009

Inherent properties of lexical items can create an initial state which may trigger the emergence of a function. The importance of this part is that it demonstrates the existence of a cycle whereby semantic properties of lexical items contribute to the emergence of functions and the emerged functions in turn trigger the syntactic properties of lexical items. The inherent locative meaning of verbs and nouns can contribute to the emergence of locative predication. Once either the types of verbs or the types of nouns that generated the specific function are replaced by verbs or nouns that do not have the characteristics that made the emergence of functions possible, some coding means emerge to ensure the coding of the function that first emerged as a product of co-occurrence of lexical items. The Chapter demonstrates the emergence of locative predicator and of prepositions that have locative function only, i.e. that unlike prepositions in IE languages do not code spatial relations.

Keywords:   syntactic properties of lexical items, cycles of lexical change, locative predication, predicator, locative preposition

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