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Rethinking Verb Second$
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Rebecca Woods and Sam Wolfe

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780198844303

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198844303.001.0001

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Verb Second and the Left Edge Filling Trigger

Verb Second and the Left Edge Filling Trigger

Chapter:
(p.455) 19 Verb Second and the Left Edge Filling Trigger
Source:
Rethinking Verb Second
Author(s):

Mélanie Jouitteau

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198844303.003.0019

This chapter is an inquiry into the subcomponent of the Extended Projection Principle (EPP) that is relevant for second position phenomena: the Left Edge Filling Trigger (LEFT). LEFT basically amounts to a classical morphological obligatory exponence effect, except that it is instantiated at the sentence level. It cross-linguistically operates in a post-syntactic realizational morphological module. It is shown that LEFT is an active rule of Universal Grammar, providing empirical arguments from Breton, a Celtic VSO language showing an extra conspicuous V2 requirement. A radical reanalysis of language word order typology is proposed. Classic V2 languages are conspicuously V2. SVO is a subtype. So-called V1 languages are either predicate-fronting languages (Tense second), or inconspicuously V2. A cross-linguistic typology of LEFT effects is presented, with great attention paid to inconspicuous satisfiers, among them null expletives, for which evidence is presented. The chapter argues accordingly for a drastic extension of the typology of expletives.

Keywords:   predicate-fronting, post-syntactic, expletive, null expletive, Celtic, Breton, Extended Projection Principle, EPP, Left Edge Filling Trigger, LEFT

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