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Rethinking Verb Second$
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Rebecca Woods and Sam Wolfe

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780198844303

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198844303.001.0001

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On a diachronic relation between the richness of Tense, Force, and second-position effects

On a diachronic relation between the richness of Tense, Force, and second-position effects

Chapter:
(p.482) 20 On a diachronic relation between the richness of Tense, Force, and second-position effects
Source:
Rethinking Verb Second
Author(s):

Krzysztof Migdalski

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198844303.003.0020

This chapter identifies T(ense) as the formal property that conditions the availability of V2 and second-position phenomena (2P). Specifically, it shows on the basis of Modern Slavic data that second- position pronominal clitics are attested only in languages that do not have morphological tense. Moreover, it investigates the diachrony of pronominal cliticization in South Slavic, observing that the shift of verb-adjacent pronominal clitics to second-position was contemporaneous with the loss of simple past tenses, aorist and imperfect. This development did not affect ‘operator clitics’, which express C-related Illocutionary Force. They uniformly target second-position across Slavic, forming a distinct class of second-position clitics with special prosodic and syntactic requirements. The observed Tense dependency of pronominal clitics in Slavic provides support for the validity of the link between second-position phenomena and Tense, which has been postulated since den Besten’s (1977) classic work on V2.

Keywords:   V2, clitic, Slavic, tense, diachrony, Illocutionary Force

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