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Rethinking Verb Second$
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Rebecca Woods and Sam Wolfe

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780198844303

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198844303.001.0001

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On the bottleneck hypothesis of Verb Second in Swedish

On the bottleneck hypothesis of Verb Second in Swedish

(p.40) 3 On the bottleneck hypothesis of Verb Second in Swedish
Rethinking Verb Second

Anders Holmberg

Oxford University Press

According to the bottleneck hypothesis V2 order is the effect of (a) a feature which attracts the finite verb or auxiliary to Fin, and (b) an EPP-feature which requires a maximal constituent to merge with FinP. There is a strong and a weak version of the bottleneck hypothesis. According to the strong version, the EPP of Fin can only be checked by movement, i.e. internal merge of a constituent with FinP. According to the weak version external merge of a constituent with FinP will do. The strong version cannot be strictly upheld: it can be violated by as-for phrases and adjunct clauses, but the weak version can be. All adverbs and particles in the C-domain that check V2 can alternatively be realized within IP, while no adverbs and particles in the C-domain that do not check V2 can be, which is consistent with the strong bottleneck hypothesis, if the V2-checking adverbs and particles all move initially to spec of Fin. The analysis of the pronoun in copy-dislocation and the particle as heads in the high C-domain, following Eide (2011), is an important component of the theory articulated.

Keywords:   C-domain, particle, adverb, copy- dislocation, EPP-feature

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