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Morality by Degrees – Reasons without Demands - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Morality by Degrees: Reasons without Demands

Alastair Norcross

Abstract

Consequentialist theories of the right connect the rightness and wrongness (and related notions) of actions with the intrinsic goodness and badness of states of affairs consequential on those actions. The most popular such theory is maximization, which is said to demand of agents that they maximize the good, that they do the best they can, at all times. Thus it may seem that consequentialist theories are overly demanding, and, relatedly, that they cannot accommodate the phenomenon of going above and beyond the demands of duty (supererogation). However, a clear understanding of consequentialism ... More

Keywords: consequentialism, utilitarianism, contextualism, scalar, supererogation, intrinsic goodness

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2020 Print ISBN-13: 9780198844990
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2020 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198844990.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Alastair Norcross, author
University of Colorado Boulder

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