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Reasons, Justification, and Defeat$
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Jessica Brown and Mona Simion

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9780198847205

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2021

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198847205.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 05 August 2021

Reasons for Reliabilism

Reasons for Reliabilism

Chapter:
(p.146) 7 Reasons for Reliabilism
Source:
Reasons, Justification, and Defeat
Author(s):

Bob Beddor

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198847205.003.0007

One leading approach to justification comes from the reliabilist tradition, which maintains that a belief is justified provided that it is reliably formed. Another comes from the ‘Reasons First’ tradition, which claims that a belief is justified provided that it is based on reasons that support it. These two approaches are typically developed in isolation from each other; this essay motivates and defends a synthesis. On the view proposed here, justification is understood in terms of an agent’s reasons for belief, which are in turn analysed along reliabilist lines: an agent’s reasons for belief are the states that serve as inputs to their reliable processes. I show that this synthesis allows each tradition to profit from the other’s explanatory resources. In particular, it enables reliabilists to explain epistemic defeat without abandoning their naturalistic ambitions. I go on to compare my proposed synthesis with other hybrid versions of reliabilism that have been proposed in the literature.

Keywords:   justification, reliabilism, reasons, synthesis, naturalism

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