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The Law & Politics of Brexit: Volume IIThe Withdrawal Agreement$
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Federico Fabbrini

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780198848356

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198848356.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 27 January 2022

The Negotiations on the Future Trade Relations

The Negotiations on the Future Trade Relations

(p.211) 10 The Negotiations on the Future Trade Relations
The Law & Politics of Brexit: Volume II

Paola Mariani

Giorgio Sacerdoti

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the negotiations on the future relations between the UK and the EU. The UK left the EU on the basis of a Withdrawal Agreement, which includes an obligation to negotiate in good faith the future relationship between the parties. The framework for future cooperation is outlined in a non-binding Political Declaration attached to the Withdrawal Agreement. This foresees the conclusion after the end of the transition period of a free trade agreement. However, the parties’ respective negotiating directives and guidelines, made public in February of 2020, show a remarkable gap in objectives and features of the future agreement, to the point that a failure of the negotiations and a no-deal Brexit is still a possibility. The chapter then considers the provisions of the Withdrawal Agreement impacting the future EU–UK relations, namely Article 184 and the Protocol on Northern Ireland that already foresees rules applying between the parties post-transition, with respect to Northern Ireland. It also reflects on the challenges the UK faces in negotiating trade agreements with the EU while also doing so with the rest of the world.

Keywords:   UK, EU, Withdrawal Agreement, Political Declaration, free trade agreement, EU–UK relations, trade agreements, Northern Ireland

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