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Mining for Change: Natural Resources and Industry in Africa

John Page and Finn Tarp


For a growing number of countries in Africa the discovery and exploitation of natural resources is a great opportunity, but one accompanied by considerable risks. In Africa, countries dependent on oil, gas, and mining have tended to have weaker long-run growth, higher rates of poverty, and greater income inequality than less resource-abundant economies. In resource-producing economies, relative prices make it more difficult to diversify into activities outside of the resource sector, limiting structural change. Economic structure matters for at least two reasons. First, countries whose exports ... More

Keywords: Africa, natural resources, oil, gas, mining, resource-abundant economies, economic diversification, structural change, long-term growth

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2020 Print ISBN-13: 9780198851172
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2020 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198851172.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

John Page, editor
Senior Fellow, Global Economy and Development, The Brookings Institution, USA

Finn Tarp, editor
Professor of Development Economics, University of Copenhagen; and Non-Resident Senior Research Fellow, UNU-WIDER

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1 Overview

John Page and Finn Tarp

Part I Framing the Issues

2 Understanding the Boom

Mark Henstridge

Part II Country Studies

6 The Construction Sector in Ghana

Nkechi Srodah Owoo and Monica P. Lambon-Quayefio

7 Local Content Law and Practice

Charles Godfred Ackah and Asaah S. Mohammed

9 The Construction Sector in Mozambique

António S. Cruz, Francisco Fernandes, Fausto J. Mafambissa, and Francisco Pereira

11 Gas in Tanzania

Mark Henstridge

12 The Construction Sector in Tanzania

Geraldine J. Kikwasi and Cecilia Escalante

13 Local Content

Mia Ellis and Margaret McMillan

14 Uganda’s Oil

Sebastian Wolf and Vishal Aditya Potluri

15 Construction and Public Procurement in Uganda

Emanuele Colonnelli and Nicole Ntungire

18 The Construction Sector in Zambia

Caesar Cheelo and Robert Liebenthal

Part III Policy Implications

20 Implications for Public Policy

John Page and Finn Tarp

End Matter