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Body Schema and Body Image – New Directions - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Body Schema and Body Image: New Directions

Yochai Ataria, Shogo Tanaka, and Shaun Gallagher


Body schema refers to the system of sensory-motor functions that enables control of the position of body parts in space, without conscious awareness of those parts. Body image refers to a conscious representation of the way the body appears—a set of conscious perceptions, affective attitudes, and beliefs pertaining to one’s own bodily image. In 2005, Shaun Gallagher published an influential book entitled ‘How the Body Shapes the Mind’. This book not only defined both body schema (BS) and body image (BI), but also explored the complicated relationship between the two. The book also established ... More

Keywords: body schema, body image, BS, BI, embodiment

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2021 Print ISBN-13: 9780198851721
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2021 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198851721.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Yochai Ataria, editor
Associate Professor, Tel-Hai College, Israel

Shogo Tanaka, editor
Professor of Psychology and Philosophy, Tokai University, Japan

Shaun Gallagher, editor
Lillian and Morrie Moss Professor of Excellence in Philosophy, University of Memphis, USA, and Professorial Fellow, School of Liberal Arts, University of Wollongong, Australia

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Part I Theoretical clarification: body schema and body image

1 What is the body schema?

Frédérique de Vignemont, Victor Pitron, and Adrian J. T. Alsmith

Part II Brain, body, and self

8 Plasticity and tool use in the body schema

Daniele Romano and Angelo Maravita

Part III Disorders, anomalies, and therapies

15 Unilateral body neglect: schemas versus images?

Laurence Havé, Anne-Emmanuelle Priot, Laure Pisella, Gilles Rode, and Yves Rossetti

18 Body schema and pain

Katsunori Miyahara

19 Feeling of a presence and anomalous body perception

Masayuki Hara, Olaf Blanke, and Noriaki Kanayama

End Matter