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The World at Our FingertipsA Multidisciplinary Exploration of Peripersonal Space$
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Frédérique de Vignemont, Andrea Serino, Hong Yu Wong, and Alessandro Farnè

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9780198851738

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198851738.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 16 October 2021

Sameness of place and the senses

Sameness of place and the senses

(p.215) 12 Sameness of place and the senses
The World at Our Fingertips

Alisa Mandrigin

Matthew Nudds

Oxford University Press

When we watch a film at the cinema, we typically experience the speech we hear as coming from the mouths of the actors depicted on the screen, rather than from the loudspeakers. This is an everyday example of the spatial ventriloquism effect. In this chapter, we are interested in what it is for things that we are aware of through different senses to appear to be in a single space, or even—as in spatial ventriloquism—at the same place. The answer may seem trivial: all that is required is that we pick out places in the different senses in the same way. However, as Millikan (1991, 2000) has argued, representing a single location in the same way is not the same as representing sameness of location. What we need, either instead of, or as well as, sameness of reference frame, is for sameness of place to be a part of the content of experience. Empirical evidence suggests that there exist peripersonal representations that encode multisensory information about the region of space that immediately surrounds the body. Their existence generates a puzzle for accounts of perception—namely, what is the relation between peripersonal representations that figure in empirical discussions and our everyday perceptual experience of ourselves and the world? Here we examine whether peripersonal space representations might play a role in our conscious awareness of the spatial relations between entities experienced in vision, audition, and touch.

Keywords:   peripersonal representation, perceptual experience, multisensory perception, multisensory interactions, ventriloquism, spatial location, egocentric reference frames

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