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Dangerous Gifts: Imperialism, Security, and Civil Wars in the Levant, 1798-1864

Ozan Ozavci


From Napoleon Bonaparte’s invasion of Egypt in 1798 to the foreign interventions in the ongoing civil wars in Syria, Yemen, and Libya today, global empires or the so-called Great Powers have long assumed the responsibility of bringing security to the Middle East. The past two centuries have witnessed their numerous military occupations to ‘liberate’, ‘secure’, and ‘educate’ local populations. Consulting fresh primary sources collected from some thirty archives in the Middle East, Russia, the United States, and Western Europe, Dangerous Gifts revisits the late eighteenth- and nineteenth-century ... More

Keywords: Great Power Interventions, the Levant, the Middle East, the Eastern Question, the Ottoman Empire, imperialism, security, civil wars, international law, free trade

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2021 Print ISBN-13: 9780198852964
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2021 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198852964.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Ozan Ozavci, author
Assistant Professor of History, Utrecht University