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China and Europe on the New Silk RoadConnecting Universities Across Eurasia$
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Marijk van der Wende, William C. Kirby, Nian Cai Liu, and Simon Marginson

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780198853022

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198853022.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 06 December 2021

China Meets Anglo-America on the New Silk Road

China Meets Anglo-America on the New Silk Road

A Comparison of State, Society, Self, and Higher Education

Chapter:
(p.255) 14 China Meets Anglo-America on the New Silk Road
Source:
China and Europe on the New Silk Road
Author(s):

Simon Marginson

Lili Yang

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198853022.003.0014

The New Silk Road strategy and the rise of China in higher education raises the stakes in the engagement between China’s universities and their Western counterparts, including Anglo-American universities. The chapter focuses on the similarities and differences between Sinic and Anglo-American political and educational cultures (state, society, family, individual) and in collectivism and individualism, and the implications for higher education. The state in China is a comprehensive state rather than an Anglo-American limited liberal state. China has greater potential for collective ties, shared goods, and state intervention in higher education. These are long-standing differences. Since 1949, both state power and indigenous individualism have been enhanced in China, while Anglo-American higher education has moved toward a more exclusively individualized approach to outcomes. There is closer convergence between China and Anglo-American in universities than in the configuration of society, suggesting ongoing potential for divergence in higher education.

Keywords:   higher education, research, political culture, philosophy, state, collective goods, individualism, international comparison, China, United States

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