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Poems That Solve PuzzlesThe History and Science of Algorithms$
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Chris Bleakley

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780198853732

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198853732.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 12 April 2021

Artificial Intelligence Emerges

Artificial Intelligence Emerges

(p.75) 5 Artificial Intelligence Emerges
Poems That Solve Puzzles

Chris Bleakley

Oxford University Press

Chapter 5 delves into the origins of artificial intelligence (AI). By the end of the 1940s, a few visionaries realised that computers were more than mere automatic calculators. They believed that computers running the right algorithms could perform tasks previously thought to require human intelligence. Christopher Strachey completed the first artificially intelligent computer program in 1952. The program played the board game Checkers. Arthur Samuel of IBM extended and improved on Strachey’s program by including machine learning - the ability of a program to learn from experience. A team from Carnegie Melon University developed the first computer program that could perform algebra. The program eventually reproduced 38 of the 52 proofs in a classic mathematics textbook. Flushed by these successes, serious scientists made wildly optimistic pronouncements about the future of AI. In the event, project after project failed to deliver and the first “AI winter” set in.

Keywords:   algorithm, computer program, artificial intelligence, machine learning, Christopher Strachey, Arthur Samuel, Logic Theorist

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