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The President on Trial – Prosecuting Hissène Habré - Oxford Scholarship Online
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The President on Trial: Prosecuting Hissène Habré

Sharon Weill, Kim Thuy Seelinger, and Kerstin Bree Carlson


By some accounts, the trial and conviction of Hissène Habré is the most significant achievement global criminal justice has enjoyed in the past decade. Simply creating a court and commencing a trial against a deposed head of state was an extraordinary success. The ad hoc tribunal set up in Senegal exceeded expectations, working on time, within budget, with no murdered witnesses or self-dealing officials. This achievement is particularly meaningful in the current climate, where we are witnessing a ‘backlash’ against international criminal justice. This book presents the Habré trial and its impa ... More

Keywords: hybrid tribunals, international criminal justice, socio-legal studies, universal jurisdiction, crimes against humanity

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2020 Print ISBN-13: 9780198858621
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2020 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198858621.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Sharon Weill, editor
Assistant Professor, The American University of Paris and Senior Lecturer in International Law and Associate Researcher, Sciences-Po, Paris

Kim Thuy Seelinger, editor
Research Associate Professor at the Brown School, Visiting Professor of Law, and Director of the Center for Human Rights, Gender, and Migration, Washington University in St. Louis

Kerstin Bree Carlson, editor
Associate Professor in the Law Department, University of Southern Denmark

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Hissène Habré on Trial

Sharon Weill, Kim Thuy Seelinger, and Kerstin Bree Carlson

1 The ‘Archives of Terror’

Olivier Bercault, Human Rights Watch1

2 The Making of Chad’s Truth Commission

Judge Mahamat Hassan Abakar, President of the Chadian Truth Commission

3 Documenting Crimes and Organizing Victims in Chad

Souleymane Guengueng, Chadian Victim’s Representative and Trial Participant

5 Defending Hissène Habré in Senegal During the Early Years

Hélène Cissé, Habré’s Defence Lawyer from 2000 to 2004

6 The Belgian Investigation of the Habré Regime

Excerpt of Trial Testimony by Daniel Fransen, Belgian Investigating Judge

7 In His Own Words

Excerpted Interview from La Gazette, Dakar, 2011

8 Creating the EAC in Senegal

Ben Kioko, Legal Counsel to the Commission of the African Union1

9 Arresting Habré

Marcel Mendy, EAC Head of Communications1

10 Investigations in Senegal and Chad

Judge Jean Kandé, EAC Investigative Chamber

11 Managing the EAC

Amadou Mokhtar Seck, EAC Administration and Finance Office

12 Professionalizing a Political Trial

Aboubacry Ba, Clerk to the EAC

13 Prosecuting International Crimes in Senegal

Mbacké Fall, EAC Prosecutor

14 Defending Habré

Mounir Ballal, Habré’s Court-Appointed Lawyer

15 From Victim to Witness and the Challenges of Sexual Violence Testimony

Jaqueline Moudeïna, Chadian Victims’ Lawyer

16 Supporting Victims at Trial

Alain Werner and Emmanuelle Marchand, Civil Parties Legal Team

17 Can We Be Friends? Offering an Amicus Curiae Brief on Sexual Violence to the EAC

Kim Thuy Seelinger, Naomi Fenwick, and Khaled Alrabe, Human Rights Center—University of California, Berkeley

18 The Habré Trial Judgment

Élise Le Gall, International Criminal Law Expert with the EAC Office of the Prosecutor

19 The Habré Appeals Judgment

Élise Le Gall, International Criminal Law Expert with the EAC Office of the Prosecutor

20 Reflections on the Habré Appeals Decision

Judge Ouagadeye Wafi, EAC Appeals Judge1

21 The Real Fight Begins

Gaëlle Carayon, Redress and Jeanne Sulzer, International Federation of Human Rights / FIDH

22 A Donor’s Perspective

Sarah Valentina Fall, Swiss Embassy in Dakar

23 Outreach for the EAC

Franck Petit, Team leader of the EAC Outreach Consortium1

24 Covering Habré

Ngoundji Dieng, Senegalese Journalist for The Quotidien

25 Prosecutions in Chad

Henri Thulliez, Human Rights Watch

26 Academia as Partner in the Habré Trial

Érick Sullivan and Fannie Lafontaine, Université Laval, Faculty of Law1

34 Victims as a Third Party

Liesbeth Zegveld1

35 ‘We Will Not Go Away’

Stephen Cody and Eric Stover

38 ‘Sexualized Slavery’ and Customary International Law

Patricia Viseur Sellers and Jocelyn Getgen Kestenbaum

39 Witness Protection

Nancy Amoury Combs1

41 The ICC and Africa

Richard Goldstone

End Matter