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Energy Justice and Energy Law$
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Iñigo del Guayo, Lee Godden, Donald D. Zillman, Milton Fernando Montoya, and José Juan González

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780198860754

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198860754.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 June 2021

Energy Market Reforms in the EU

Energy Market Reforms in the EU

A New Focus on Energy Consumers, Energy Poverty, and Energy (in)Justice?

(p.160) 10 Energy Market Reforms in the EU
Energy Justice and Energy Law

Martha Roggenkamp

Lea Diestelmeier

Oxford University Press

Energy market liberalization in Europe started in the 1990s by giving consumers a choice of supply. The EU electricity market directive of 2019 reiterates the focus on consumers. It envisages that ‘citizens take ownership of the energy transition’ and participate actively in the market. At the same time, the directive aims at protecting vulnerable consumers and at mitigating energy poverty. Yet, it provides Member States with considerable freedom in defining these concepts. The directive suggests that small customers might develop into two categories—one which actively participates in the market and reaps market benefits, and one which is unable to do so and thus will remain vulnerable and at risk of falling into energy poverty. This chapter discusses whether this potential discrepancy and lacking common EU approach towards the concept of vulnerable customers and energy poverty could result in distributive and social energy injustice among small customers in the EU.

Keywords:   EU energy law, Clean Energy for All Europeans Package, energy consumer, energy poverty, vulnerable customer, active customer, prosumer protection, market access

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