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Energy Justice and Energy Law$
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Iñigo del Guayo, Lee Godden, Donald D. Zillman, Milton Fernando Montoya, and José Juan González

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780198860754

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198860754.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 June 2021

State Protection of Energy Consumers

State Protection of Energy Consumers

Between Human Rights and Private Sector Regulation

(p.139) 9 State Protection of Energy Consumers
Energy Justice and Energy Law

Hanri Mostert

Tjakie Naude

Oxford University Press

This chapter scrutinizes the role of the state in ensuring electricity supply and protecting end-consumers along a spectrum of energy market models. On the one end, there are markets dominated by virtual state monopolies, such as the South African example, where supply and consumer protection take on a different shape, compared to those on the other end of the spectrum, where distribution of energy to end-consumers is privatized. The European Union (EU) exemplifies the latter. Analyses of both the Australian and Nigerian models of energy supply and end-consumer protection are included to demonstrate variations within privatized markets, and comment on the role of the state in implementing privatization. Issues of procedural and participatory justice are considered. Social justice issues are raised, furthermore, in that the type of consumer protection in a system is influenced by the degree of affluence of the community and the resilience of the system of governance.

Keywords:   electricity consumers, consumer protection, energy and human rights, socio-economic rights, constitutional rights to energy, administrative law remedies for electricity consumers

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