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Polynesian Syntax and its Interfaces$
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Lauren Clemens and Diane Massam

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9780198860839

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2021

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198860839.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 07 December 2021

Reaffirming Māori negatives as verbs

Reaffirming Māori negatives as verbs

Chapter:
(p.147) 7 Reaffirming Māori negatives as verbs
Source:
Polynesian Syntax and its Interfaces
Author(s):

Sandra Chung

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198860839.003.0007

Generative syntacticians often assume that sentential negatives in all languages are the content of a functional head Neg. Although negatives in many languages are amenable to such an analysis, negatives in certain Polynesian languages are not. This chapter first reviews the evidence presented by Hohepa (1969) and others that sentential negatives in Māori are lexical heads, either intransitive verbs or adjectives, which are the main predicate of a clause that excludes the negated clause. It then explores the question of why Māori negatives should differ from the crosslinguistic norm. The answer that is proposed appeals to syntactic-semantic typology and Māori prosody, and engages with the larger issue of how lexical and functional heads are realized in Polynesian languages.

Keywords:   negation, Māori, verb, lexical vs. functional, typology, prosody

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