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Agathokles of SyracuseSicilian Tyrant and Hellenistic King$
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Christopher de Lisle

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9780198861720

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198861720.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 20 January 2022

Tyrannosiculus Rex

Tyrannosiculus Rex

Chapter:
(p.139) 5 Tyrannosiculus Rex
Source:
Agathokles of Syracuse
Author(s):

Christopher de Lisle

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198861720.003.0006

This chapter deals with Agathokles’ rulership and self-representation, arguing that the adoption of the title of king or basileus did not mark a fundamental rupture in Agathokles’ reign and rulership style—a transition from Sicilian tyranny to Hellenistic monarchy. Rather it was simply an attempt to re-establish his legitimacy after the conclusion of the war with Carthage. A number of features that have been identified as characteristic of a new Hellenistic model of rule are already apparent in the evidence for Agathokles’ conduct before his assumption of the royal title and in the regimes of his predecessors in Syracuse. A number of significant divergences from Hellenistic kingship are also divergences from the practice of Agathokles’ predecessors. Most can be explained by Agathokles’ financial situation, the biases of our evidence, or are also absent from the practice of some of the Diadochoi.

Keywords:   Hellenistic kingship, tyranny, autocracy, absolutism, royal court, philoi, city foundations, ruler cult

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