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Inequality in the Developing World

Carlos Gradín, Murray Leibbrandt, and Finn Tarp


Inequality has emerged as a key development challenge. It holds implications for economic growth and redistribution and translates into power asymmetries that can endanger human rights, create conflict, and embed social exclusion and chronic poverty. For these reasons, it underpins intense public and academic debates and has become a dominant policy concern within many countries and in all multilateral agencies. It is at the core of the seventeen goals of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This book contributes to this important discussion by presenting assessments of the measurem ... More

Keywords: inequality, economic growth, redistribution, poverty measurement, Brazil, China, India, Russia, South Africa

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2021 Print ISBN-13: 9780198863960
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2021 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198863960.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Carlos Gradín, editor
Research Fellow, UNU-WIDER

Murray Leibbrandt, editor
SARChI Research Chair in Poverty and Inequality Research, SALDRU, University of Cape Town; and Director of the African Centre for Inequality Research; and Non-Resident Senior Research Fellow, UNU-WIDER

Finn Tarp, editor
Professor of Development Economics, University of Copenhagen; and Non-Resident Senior Research Fellow, UNU-WIDER

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Part I Introduction

1 Setting the Scene

Carlos Gradín, Murray Leibbrandt, and Finn Tarp

Part II Global Inequality and Inequality Within Countries

3 Comparing Global Inequality of Income and Wealth

James Davies and Anthony Shorrocks

4 Empirical Challenges Comparing Inequality across Countries

Daniele Checchi, Andrej Cupak, and Teresa Munzi

Part III Inequality In Five Developing Giants

5 Brazil

Marcelo Neri

6 China

Shi Li, Terry Sicular, and Finn Tarp

7 India

Hai-Anh H. Dang and Peter Lanjouw

8 Mexico

Raymundo Campos-Vazquez, Nora Lustig, and John Scott

9 South Africa

Murray Leibbrandt, Vimal Ranchhod, and Pippa Green

Part IV Inequality In A Broader Context

10 Economic Inequality and Subjective Well-Being Across the World

Andrew E. Clark and Conchita D’Ambrosio

11 China and the United States

Roy van der Weide and Ambar Narayan

Part V Synthesis And Policy Implications

13 Synthesis and Policy Implications

Carlos Gradín, Murray Leibbrandt, and Finn Tarp

End Matter