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Modernism and the Meaning of Corporate Persons$
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Lisa Siraganian

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780198868873

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198868873.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 31 July 2021

Introduction

Introduction

Acting Corporate

Chapter:
(p.1) Introduction
Source:
Modernism and the Meaning of Corporate Persons
Author(s):

Lisa Siraganian

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198868873.003.0001

The Introduction contextualizes the book’s broader legal and philosophical debates about corporate personhood, collective agency, and modernism. The book’s methodology and structure are explained using accessible modernist poems, political cartoons, and legal case studies to present to non-experts the key ideas and historical background of corporate personhood in the U.S., with its first life not after the U.S. Supreme Court case Citizens United (2010), but after Santa Clara v. Southern Pacific Railroad (1886). Beginning with an extended example from Muriel Rukeyser’s long poem, The Book of the Dead, the Introduction canvasses American literature from the nineteenth through the twentieth century to show how the book renders the field of modernist studies radically different, as modernism’s formal speculations emerge as deeply entangled with a range of social and political developments. Asking the question “Has a corporation a soul?” becomes a means to explore the aims of collective social agents, and to think through how collective forms produce meaning by their acts. Not until the postwar era did philosophy synthesize these ideas (on the possibility of corporate intention) being teased out in mostly prewar novels, poetry, and short stories. The third section situates this analysis within modernist literary studies as a field, culminating with a reading of an Archibald MacLeish poem in light of this focus on collective action and literary form and descriptions of each subsequent chapter.

Keywords:   corporate personhood, Citizens United, Santa Clara, Southern Pacific Railroad, Muriel Rukeyser, Archibald MacLeish, poetry, political cartoon, modernism

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