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Defending God in Sixteenth-Century IndiaThe Śaiva Oeuvre of Appaya Dīkṣita$
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Jonathan Duquette

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9780198870616

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198870616.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 September 2021



The Rise of Śivādvaita Vedānta

(p.1) Introduction
Defending God in Sixteenth-Century India

Jonathan Duquette

Oxford University Press

This chapter situates Appaya’s Śaiva works within his broader intellectual oeuvre and career. It introduces Appaya’s central work of Śivādvaita Vedānta, the Śivārkamaṇidīpikā, and explains how its composition established him as a great advocate of Śaiva religion in early modern India. It contextualizes Appaya’s work within the intellectual and religious milieu of the Vijayanagara empire, drawing attention to polemical debates between theologians of Vedānta and the rise in power of Śrīvaiṣṇava religion in Appaya’s time and place. This chapter offers a brief description of the five chapters of the book, and introduces its core argument, namely that Appaya’s Śivādvaita Vedānta work aimed to challenge, for the first time, the interpretation of Vedānta held by tenants of Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta, the dominant Vaiṣṇava school of philosophical theology in Appaya’s time.

Keywords:   intellectual history, Śaivism, polemical debates, Śivādvaita Vedānta, Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta, Vijayanagara empire

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