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Defending God in Sixteenth-Century IndiaThe Śaiva Oeuvre of Appaya Dīkṣita$
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Jonathan Duquette

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9780198870616

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198870616.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 21 September 2021

Engaging with Śrīvaiṣṇavas

Engaging with Śrīvaiṣṇavas

Chapter:
(p.117) 4 Engaging with Śrīvaiṣṇavas
Source:
Defending God in Sixteenth-Century India
Author(s):

Jonathan Duquette

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198870616.003.0005

This chapter pursues the analysis of Appaya’s Śivādvaita works with a special focus on his engagement with the Śrīvaiṣṇava tradition of Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta. It examines a number of arguments and strategies Appaya employs to criticize Rāmānuja’s theology and his reading of the Brahmasūtras, and thereby establish Śrīkaṇṭha’s theology as the superior system. It sums up the content of two key works of Śivādvaita Vedānta—the Ānandalaharī and the Śivādvaitanirṇaya—and also pays attention to a little-studied work of Śivādvaita Vedānta, the Ratnatrayaparīkṣā, a short devotional hymn with self-authored commentary in which Appaya encapsulates his original vision of Śrīkaṇṭha’s ‘esoteric’ theology. It features a detailed analysis of Appaya’s response to the doctrine of aikaśāstrya, one of the core doctrines developed by Sudarśanasūri, a late thirteenth-century scholar who may well have been Appaya’s nemesis. The chapter concludes with an examination of Appaya’s critical take on Pāñcarātra, a key source of Śrīvaiṣṇava theology.

Keywords:   Śrīvaiṣṇava, Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta, Brahmasūtras, Rāmānuja, Sudarśanasūri, Veṅkaṭanātha, aikaśāstrya, Pāñcarātra, sectarian debates, orthodoxy

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