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Graphing Culture Change in North American Archaeology – A History of Graph Types - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Graphing Culture Change in North American Archaeology: A History of Graph Types

R. Lee Lyman


Documentation, analysis, and explanation of culture change have long been goals of archaeology. The earliest archaeological spindle graphs appeared in the 1880s and 1890s, but had no influence on subsequent archaeologists. Line graphs showing change in frequencies of specimens in each of several artifact types were used in the 1910s and 1920s. Seriograms or straight-sided spindles diagraming interpretations of culture change were published in the 1930s, but were seldom subsequently mimicked. Spindle graphs of centered and stacked columns of bars, each column representing a distinct artifact ty ... More

Keywords: archaeological spindle graphs, archaeological graph types, graphing culture change, history of archaeological graphs, North American archaeology

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2021 Print ISBN-13: 9780198871156
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2021 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198871156.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

R. Lee Lyman, author
Professor Emeritus, University of Missouri-Columbia