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Where the Millennials Will Take UsA New Generation Wrestles with the Gender Structure$
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Barbara J. Risman

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780199324385

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199324385.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 October 2021

Gender as a Social Structure

Gender as a Social Structure

(p.7) 2 Gender as a Social Structure
Where the Millennials Will Take Us

Barbara J. Risman

Oxford University Press

The chapter reviews the social scientific research on gender beginning with biological theories and then moving on to psychological ones. Attention then moves to sociological theories developed as alternatives to understanding gender as a personality trait. The chapter then covers the “doing gender” and structuralist theories developed in the 20th century. Risman suggests that integrative frameworks, including her own, emerged toward the end of the 20th century. In this chapter, Risman offers a revision to her framework conceptualizing gender as a social structure with consequences for individual selves, interactional expectations of others, and institutions and organizations. With this revision, Risman differentiates between the material and cultural elements of each level of the gender structure.

Keywords:   gender, structural, interactional, gender as social structure, gender structure

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