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Uneven OddsSocial Mobility in Contemporary India$
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Divya Vaid

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780199480142

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199480142.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 02 July 2022

How Mobile Is India?

How Mobile Is India?

Social Mobility Patterns and Trends

(p.121) 4 How Mobile Is India?
Uneven Odds

Divya Vaid

Oxford University Press

Social mobility includes absoulte mobility, that is, raw numbers of people who move up, down, or remain stable; and relative mobility, that is, mobility controlling for structural change. This chapter draws out the importance of both types of mobility. Further, the intriguing pattern for women’s mobility, where women display more stability than men intergenerationally, contrary to research in most of the world, is deconstructed. While we observe an enduring trend, preceding ‘liberalization’, of the expansion of the higher salariat, and a retrenchment in agriculture leading to some amount of net upward mobility in absolute terms, we also observe low levels of social fluidity which provide an indicator of the unequal opportunity structures in Indian society.

Keywords:   social mobility patterns, mobility trends, gender and mobility, rural-urban differences, absolute mobility, relative mobility, liberalisation

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