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Transregional Trade and TradersSituating Gujarat in the Indian Ocean from Early Times to 1900$
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Edward A. Alpers and Chhaya Goswami

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780199490684

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199490684.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 November 2020

The Deepest Blue Sea

The Deepest Blue Sea

Gujarati Merchant Shipping and the Commercial Currents of the Indian Ocean in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries

(p.315) 13 The Deepest Blue Sea
Transregional Trade and Traders

Pedro Machado

Oxford University Press

A misperception has persisted in Indian Ocean scholarship that Indian—particularly Gujarati shipping—had declined precipitously by the middle of the eighteenth century for reasons related to the decline in the great Islamic empires. This chapter argues that this view has exaggerated the diminution of Gujarati shipping in the ocean by largely overlooking the continued and indeed expanded presence of medium-sized ocean-going ships in the western Indian Ocean well into the nineteenth century, as Gujarati networks reoriented their focus from the Red Sea and other longstanding markets to those in Africa. In focusing on Gujarati Vāniyā shipping from Diu and Daman to the southwestern Indian Ocean between the 1750s and 1840s, this chapter shows that this represented an especially vibrant segment of this shipping; and was of great importance in sustaining the involvement of Gujarati capital in the waters of the ocean in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.

Keywords:   Vāniyā, Diu, Daman, Mozambique Island, insurance, shipping, labour, slavery

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