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Seeking Middle GroundLand, Markets, and Public Policy$
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Sanjoy Chakravorty and Amitendu Palit

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780199495450

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199495450.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 28 January 2022

Land, Poverty, and Displacement

Land, Poverty, and Displacement

The Indian Malady

(p.3) 1 Land, Poverty, and Displacement
Seeking Middle Ground

Abhirup Sarkar

Oxford University Press

The present chapter shows why the problem of displacement deserves special focus in discourses on poverty and underdevelopment. The context is India. We argue that poverty in India is caused both by an aggregate scarcity of food in the country as well as a skewed distribution of income. There are two ways of getting out of the problem: (i) increase in food grains production by increasing productivity and (ii) increasing the pace of industrialization. To increase productivity it is necessary to build large irrigation facilities, which are likely to displace people and increase poverty. Similarly, transformation of land from agriculture to industry and infrastructure displaces people from their traditional livelihood and may temporarily increase poverty.

Keywords:   food scarcity, poverty, industrialization, displacement, irrigation facilities

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