Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Seeking Middle GroundLand, Markets, and Public Policy$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Sanjoy Chakravorty and Amitendu Palit

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780199495450

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199495450.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 January 2022

Debating Land

Debating Land

The Indian Parliament and the Question of Land

(p.50) 3 Debating Land
Seeking Middle Ground

Ronojoy Sen

Oxford University Press

Land is one of those rare issues that has animated Indian Parliament and been intensely debated from the 1950s to contemporary times. One of the key elements of the very first amendment to the Indian Constitution, passed by the provisional parliament in 1951, was related to land reform and the abolition of zamindari or large land holdings. In response to court rulings that declared zamindari abolition laws as unconstitutional, Jawaharlal Nehru and the Congress reacted by inserting Article 31A in the Constitution which stipulated that nothing in the Fundamental Rights could be used to strike down laws for the appropriation of property. The most important component of the First Amendment was, however, Article 31B, which created the Ninth Schedule where legislation could be put and made immune from judicial review. Thirteen land reform Acts were placed in the schedule. This chapter analyses the parliamentary debates on land, beginning with the First Amendment and continuing to the contemporary period where the BJP government attempted to amend the 2013 Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act. The chapter examines three broad questions. How has the issue of land, land reform, and land acquisition been framed over time in parliament? How much have contemporary politics influenced the debate? What have been the recurrent themes as well as radical departures in the debates on land?

Keywords:   India, land, reform, acquisition, parliament, constitution, amendment

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .