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Seeking Middle GroundLand, Markets, and Public Policy$
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Sanjoy Chakravorty and Amitendu Palit

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780199495450

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199495450.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 27 January 2022

Land Acquisition in India

Land Acquisition in India

The Political Economy of Changing the Law

Chapter:
(p.73) 4 Land Acquisition in India
Source:
Seeking Middle Ground
Author(s):

Sanjoy Chakravorty

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780199495450.003.0004

This chapter examines the contentious issue of land acquisition in India, focusing on the deeply regressive system in operation from independence to the mid-2000s that caused wipeouts for millions of families, the flash of resistance to acquisitions starting around 2006–7, the creation of a new law in 2013 to enhance justice and rights, and an attempt in 2014–15 to amend that new law. The central questions that arise from this process are: why did a regressive system last so long? and, why did it die in the last decade? These are best answered in a political-economy framework in which increasing political competition has challenged the electoral mathematics of ‘majoritarianism’ and increased the viability of ‘wedge issue’ politics.

Keywords:   India, land acquisition, political-economy, law, policy

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