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Seeking Middle GroundLand, Markets, and Public Policy$
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Sanjoy Chakravorty and Amitendu Palit

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780199495450

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199495450.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 27 January 2022

Land Acquisition in India

Land Acquisition in India

The Political Economy of Changing the Law

(p.73) 4 Land Acquisition in India
Seeking Middle Ground

Sanjoy Chakravorty

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the contentious issue of land acquisition in India, focusing on the deeply regressive system in operation from independence to the mid-2000s that caused wipeouts for millions of families, the flash of resistance to acquisitions starting around 2006–7, the creation of a new law in 2013 to enhance justice and rights, and an attempt in 2014–15 to amend that new law. The central questions that arise from this process are: why did a regressive system last so long? and, why did it die in the last decade? These are best answered in a political-economy framework in which increasing political competition has challenged the electoral mathematics of ‘majoritarianism’ and increased the viability of ‘wedge issue’ politics.

Keywords:   India, land acquisition, political-economy, law, policy

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