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India in a Warming WorldIntegrating Climate Change and Development$

Navroz K. Dubash

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780199498734

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199498734.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 20 January 2022

(p.xix) Abbreviations

(p.xix) Abbreviations

India in a Warming World
Navroz K. Dubash
Oxford University Press


    Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network


    Assam Climate Change Management Society

  • ACT

    Action on Climate Today

  • ADP

    Ad Hoc Working Group on Durban Platform for Enhanced Action

  • AF

    Adaptation Fund


    Alliance of Small Island States

  • APA

    Ad Hoc Working Group on Paris Agreement

  • AR4

    Fourth Assessment Report

  • AR5

    Fifth Assessment Report

  • AWG-KP

    Ad Hoc Working Group on KP


    Ad Hoc Working Group on LCA


    Brazil, South Africa, India, and China

  • BAU


  • BEE

    Bureau of Energy Efficiency

  • BJP

    Bharatiya Janata Party

  • BNEF

    Bloomberg New Energy Finance

  • BUR

    Biennial Update Report

  • C&C

    Contraction and Convergence


    Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority

  • CAN

    Climate Action Network


    Climate Action Network South Asia

  • CASS

    Chinese Academy of Social Science

  • CBDR

    common but differentiated responsibilities


    common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities (p.xx)


    CBDR&RC in the light of different national circumstances

  • CBGA

    Centre for Budget and Governance Accountability

  • CCFU

    Climate Change Finance Unit

  • CDC

    Contract and Differential Convergence

  • CDM

    Clean Development Mechanism

  • CEA

    Central Electricity Authority

  • CEEW

    Council on Energy, Environment and Water

  • CEOs

    chief executive officers

  • CERs

    certified emission reductions

  • CERC

    Climate Equity Reference Calculator

  • CERF

    Climate Equity Reference Framework

  • CFCs


  • CFR-LA

    Community Forest Rights–Learning and Advocacy

  • CII

    Confederation of Indian Industry

  • CJN!

    Climate Justice Now!


    Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute

  • COP

    Conference of the Parties

  • CPIM5

    Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5

  • CPR

    Centre for Policy Research

  • CRM

    climate risk management

  • CRZ

    Coastal Regulation Zone

  • CSE

    Centre for Science and Environment

  • CSOs

    civil society organizations

  • CSO

    chief sustainability officer

  • CSR

    corporate social responsibility


    Center for Study of Science, Technology & Policy

  • CTCN

    Climate Technology Centre and Network

  • CTF

    Clean Technology Fund

  • DALYs

    disability-adjusted life years

  • DFID

    Department for International Development


    distribution companies

  • DPRs

    Detailed Project Reports

  • DSF

    Delhi Science Forum (p.xxi)

  • EC

    European Community

  • ECBC

    Energy Conservation Building Code

  • ECCC

    Executive Committee on Climate Change

  • EESL

    Energy Efficiency Services Limited

  • EHS

    environment, health, and safety


    Environmental Management and Policy Research Institute

  • ENSO

    El Nino Southern Oscillation

  • EPCO

    Environmental Planning and Coordination Organisation


    Energy Sector Management Assistance Program

  • ETS

    Emissions Trading Scheme

  • EU

    European Union

  • FAO

    Food and Agricultural Organization


    Foundation for Ecological Research, Advocacy and Learning


    Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry

  • FoR

    Forum of Regulators

  • FRA

    Forest Rights Act, 2006

  • FRAD

    Fishery Resources Assessment Division

  • FSI

    Forest Survey of India

  • GCF

    Green Climate Fund

  • GCMs

    general circulation models

  • GDP

    gross domestic product

  • GDR

    Greenhouse Development Rights

  • GEF

    Global Environment Facility

  • GHGs

    greenhouse gases

  • GIM

    Green India Mission

  • GMBM

    global market-based measures

  • GoI

    Government of India

  • GRI

    Global Reporting Initiative

  • GST

    Global Stocktake

  • Gt


  • GW


  • GWP

    global warming potential

  • HCFCs


  • HDI

    human development index (p.xxii)

  • HFCs


  • HFO


  • HKH

    Hindu Kush Himalaya

  • HPEC

    High Powered Expert Committee

  • HVAC

    heating, ventilation, and air conditioning

  • ICAO

    International Civil Aviation Organization

  • ICRG

    Infrastructure for Climate Resilient Growth

  • ICSA

    International Coalition for Sustainable Aviation


    International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development

  • IEA

    International Energy Agency

  • IESS

    India Energy Security Scenarios

  • IGSD

    Institute for Governance and Sustainable Development


    International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

  • IITM

    Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology

  • IL&FS

    Infrastructure Leasing & Financial Services Limited

  • IMD

    India Meteorological Department

  • INC

    Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee


    Indian Network for Climate Change Assessment


    Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for a Framework Convention on Climate Change

  • INDC

    Intended Nationally Determined Contribution

  • IP

    intellectual property

  • IPCC

    Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

  • IPRs

    intellectual property rights


    International Renewable Energy Agency

  • ISA

    International Solar Alliance

  • ITUC

    International Trade Union Confederation

  • JFM

    Joint Forest Management


    Japan, United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand

  • kgoe

    kilograms of oil equivalent

  • KP

    Kyoto Protocol

  • KSSP

    Kerala Shastra Sahitya Parishad (p.xxiii)

  • kV


  • kWh

    kilowatt hour


    Lakshadweep Action Plan for Climate Change

  • LCA

    long-term cooperative action

  • LCOE

    levelized cost of electricity

  • LDCs

    least developed countries

  • LDCF

    Least Developed Countries Fund

  • LEAD

    Leadership for Environment and Development

  • LED

    light-emitting diode

  • LMDC

    Like-Minded Developing Countries

  • LPCD

    litre per capita per day

  • LPG

    liquefied petroleum gas


    land use, land use change, and forestry

  • MDBs

    multilateral development banks

  • MEF

    Major Economies Forum


    Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act

  • MI

    Mission Innovation

  • MLF

    Multilateral Fund

  • MNRE

    Ministry of New and Renewable Energy

  • MoC

    Ministry of Coal

  • MoEF

    Ministry of Environment and Forests

  • MoEFCC

    Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change

  • MoF

    Ministry of Finance

  • MoP

    Ministry of Power

  • MoUD

    Ministry of Urban Development

  • MoWR

    Ministry of Water Resources

  • MRV

    measurement, reporting, and verification

  • MSME

    micro, small, and medium enterprise

  • MtCO2-eq

    megatonne of carbon dioxide equivalent

  • MTEE

    Market Transformation for Energy Efficiency

  • mtoe

    million tonnes of oil equivalent

  • MW


  • NAAS

    National Academy of Agricultural Sciences


    National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development


    National Adaptation Fund on Climate Change (p.xxiv)


    National Action Plan on Climate Change

  • NASA

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration


    National Communications

  • NBFCs

    non-banking financial companies


    National Clean Energy and Environment Fund

  • NCR

    National Capital Region

  • NDA

    National Democratic Alliance

  • NDAs

    national designated authorities

  • NDC

    Nationally Determined Contribution


    National Electric Mobility Mission Plan

  • NGOs

    non-governmental organizations

  • NIE

    National Implementing Entity


    National Mission on Enhanced Energy Efficiency

  • NRDC

    Natural Resources Defense Council

  • NSA

    National Security Advisor


    National Steering Committee on Climate Change

  • NSM

    National Solar Mission

  • NTFPs

    non-timber forest products

  • NTUI

    New Trade Union Initiative


    National Union of Metal Workers of South Africa

  • NWM

    National Water Mission

  • ODA

    official development assistance

  • ODI

    Overseas Development Institute

  • OECD

    Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

  • OPEC

    Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

  • OPM

    Oxford Policy Management


    Public Advocacy Initiatives for Rights and Values in India

  • PAT


  • PES

    payments for ecosystem services

  • PIB

    Press Information Bureau


    Prime Minister’s Council on Climate Change

  • PMO

    Prime Minister’s Office (p.xxv)

  • PMU

    Project Management Unit

  • PMUY

    Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana

  • PNG

    piped natural gas

  • PPAs

    power purchase agreements

  • PSI

    People’s Science Institute

  • PSU

    public-sector undertaking

  • PTI

    Press Trust of India

  • PV



    quantitative emission limitation and reduction objective

  • R&D

    research and development

  • RD&D

    research, development, and demonstration

  • REDD

    reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation

  • RMI

    Rocky Mountain Institute

  • RTK

    revenue tonne kilometres

  • S&L

    standards and labelling

  • SAPCCs

    State Action Plans on Climate Change

  • SCCF

    Special Climate Change Fund

  • SDC

    Swiss Agency for Development and Corporation

  • SDGs

    Sustainable Development Goals

  • SDMP

    State Disaster Management Plan

  • SEBs

    state electricity boards

  • SEEP

    Super-Efficient Equipment Programme

  • SIDS

    Small Island Developing States

  • SPV

    special purpose vehicle

  • SSEF

    Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation

  • SST

    sea surface temperature

  • STPs

    sewage treatment plants

  • TCFD

    Task Force on Climate-Related Financial Disclosures

  • TEC

    Technology Executive Committee

  • TERI

    The Energy and Resources Institute

  • TGSC

    Tata Global Sustainability Council

  • TISS

    Tata Institute of Social Sciences

  • TNAs

    Technology Needs Assessments

  • TUED

    Trade Unions for Energy Democracy (p.xxvi)

  • TWh

    terawatt hour

  • UDAY

    Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana

  • UEA

    University of East Anglia


    Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All

  • ULBs

    urban local bodies

  • UN

    United Nations


    United Nations Division of Economic and Social Affairs


    United Nations Conference on Environment and Development

  • UNDP

    United Nations Development Programme

  • UNEP

    United Nations Environment Programme

  • UNES

    United Nations Economic and Social


    United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

  • UNGA

    United Nations General Assembly

  • UPA

    United Progressive Alliance


    World Business Council for Sustainable Development

  • WBGU

    German Advisory Council on Climate Change

  • WCMC

    World Conservation Monitoring Centre

  • WEF

    World Economic Forum

  • WHO

    World Health Organization

  • WMO

    World Meteorological Organization

  • WRI

    World Resources Institute

  • WTO

    World Trade Organization