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Democracy and the Cartelization of Political Parties$
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Richard S. Katz and Peter Mair

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780199586011

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199586011.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 01 March 2021

The Locus of Power in Parties

The Locus of Power in Parties

(p.53) 3 The Locus of Power in Parties
Democracy and the Cartelization of Political Parties

Richard S. Katz

Peter Mair

Oxford University Press

Rather than being unitary actors, each party is a political system in itself, with three major “faces”: the party in public office; the party central office; and the party on the ground. Over time, the balance of power within parties has shifted, to support the dominance of the party in public office. This evolution has been accompanied by institutional changes, and it has been supported by the growing similarity of the positions of members of the party in public office (responsibilities of governing; exigencies of professional political careers) regardless of the political complexion of their parties or the demands of their members.

Keywords:   party in public office, party on the ground, party central office, professionalization, party membership

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