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The Lattice Boltzmann EquationFor Complex States of Flowing Matter$
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Sauro Succi

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780199592357

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199592357.001.0001

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Lattice Boltzmann Models for Microflows

Lattice Boltzmann Models for Microflows

(p.534) 29 Lattice Boltzmann Models for Microflows
The Lattice Boltzmann Equation

Sauro Succi

Oxford University Press

The Lattice Boltzmann method was originally devised as a computational alternative for the simulation of macroscopic flows, as described by the Navier–Stokes equations of continuum mechanics. In many respects, this still is the main place where it belongs today. Yet, in the past decade, LB has made proof of a largely unanticipated versatility across a broad spectrum of scales, from fully developed turbulence, to microfluidics, all the way down to nanoscale flows. Even though no systematic analogue of the Chapman–Enskog asymptotics is available in this beyond-hydro region (no guarantee), the fact remains that, with due extensions of the basic scheme, the LB has proven capable of providing several valuable insights into the physics of flows at micro- and nano-scales. This does not mean that LBE can solve the actual Boltzmann equation or replace Molecular Dynamics, but simply that it can provide useful insights into some flow problems which cannot be described within the realm of the Navier–Stokes equations of continuum mechanics. This Chapter provides a cursory view of this fast-growing front of modern LB research.

Keywords:   microfluids, nanofluids, continuum mechanics, Knudsen number, capillarity, molecular dynamics

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