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Physics of Spin-Orbit-Coupled Oxides$
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Gang Cao and Lance DeLong

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9780199602025

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2021

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199602025.001.0001

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(p.3) Chapter 1 Introduction
(p.iii) Physics of Spin-Orbit-Coupled Oxides

Gang Cao

Lance E. DeLong

Oxford University Press

The fundamental and technological importance of transition metal oxides, and the relationship of the present work to previous monographs dealing with transition metal oxides are reviewed. The relatively abundant 3d-transition metal oxides are contrasted with the rarer 4d- and 5d-transition metal oxides that exhibit a unique interplay between spin-orbit, exchange, crystalline electric field and Coulomb correlations. The combined effect of these fundamental interactions yields peculiar quantum states and empirical trends that markedly differ from those of their 3d counterparts. General trends in the electronic structure are related to generalized phase diagrams of the magnetic and insulating ground states. The intriguing absence of experimental evidence for predicted topological states and superconductivity in these materials are discussed.

Keywords:   Spin-orbit interaction, Coulomb interaction, crystalline electric field, Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya interaction, electron-lattice coupling, superconductivity, topological state, transition metal oxide, transition metal chalcognides

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