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The Global History of Organic Farming$
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Gregory A. Barton

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780199642533

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199642533.001.0001

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Roots of the Organic Challenge

Roots of the Organic Challenge

(p.1) 1 Roots of the Organic Challenge
The Global History of Organic Farming

Gregory A. Barton

Oxford University Press

The introduction briefly surveys the developments that have taken place in the last 500 years relating to the growth of crown capitalism, monoculture, the rise of international trading regimes, the impact of industrial farming, and the scientific and romantic reaction that gave birth to organic farming. Organic farming merged romanticism, holism, ecology, science, and desiccation theory, and fitted within the larger environment movement that spanned from the nineteenth century to the present. It placed an emphasis on wholeness and change that inverted or rejected the main philosophical assumptions underlying scientific rationalism realism and re-introduced into mainstream European culture elements of immanence and mysticism.

Keywords:   organic farming, romanticism, agricultural revolution, Albert Howard, forestry, ecology

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