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The Global History of Organic Farming$
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Gregory A. Barton

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780199642533

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199642533.001.0001

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The Howards in India

The Howards in India

(p.62) 4 The Howards in India
The Global History of Organic Farming

Gregory A. Barton

Oxford University Press

Lord Curzon, Viceroy of India, established the Imperial Research Agricultural Institute to draw scientists together in a single location to solve the challenges facing India’s farmers, which included plant disease, soil infertility, low production per acre, and famine. Unknown to most organic farming enthusiasts is the fact that Howard supported the use of artificial pesticides for fruits and vegetables imported into India, and that his colleagues at Pusa pioneered and published many of the same principles as the famous “Indore compost” method that Howard popularized in his book Agricultural Testament, upon his retirement from India in 1939. Howard took these experiments further than his colleagues, formulated them, and popularized them.

Keywords:   Lord Curzon, Albert Howard, Gabrielle Matthaei, Pusa, Indore, soil infertility, compost

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