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The Global History of Organic Farming$
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Gregory A. Barton

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780199642533

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199642533.001.0001

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To the Empire and Beyond

To the Empire and Beyond

(p.118) 7 To the Empire and Beyond
The Global History of Organic Farming

Gregory A. Barton

Oxford University Press

This chapter traces the expansion of industrial agricultural methods after the Second World War. Western governments and the Food and Agriculture Organization pushed for increased use of chemical fertilizers to aid development and resist Soviet encroachment. Meanwhile small groups of organic farmers and gardeners adopted Howard’s methods in the Anglo-sphere and elsewhere in the world. European movements paralleled these efforts and absorbed the basic principles of the Indore Method. British parliament debated the merits of organic farming, but Howard failed to persuade the government to adopt his policies. Southern Rhodesia, however, did implement his ideas in law. Desiccation theory aided his attempts in South Africa and elsewhere, and Louise Howard, after Albert’s death, kept alive a wide network of activists with her publications.

Keywords:   China, fertilizer, FAO, Rhodesia, desiccation theory, South Africa, organic farming

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