Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Bayesian Philosophy of Science$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Jan Sprenger and Stephan Hartmann

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780199672110

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199672110.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 21 January 2021

Confirmation and Induction

Confirmation and Induction

Chapter:
(p.41) Variation 1: Confirmation and Induction
Source:
Bayesian Philosophy of Science
Author(s):

Jan Sprenger

Stephan Hartmann

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780199672110.003.0001

Confirmation of scientific theories by empirical evidence is an important element of scientific reasoning and a central topic in philosophy of science. Bayesian Confirmation Theory—the analysis of confirmation in terms of degree of belief—is the most popular model of inductive reasoning. It comes in two varieties: confirmation as firmness (of belief), and confirmation as increase in firmness. We show why increase in firmness is a particularly fruitful explication of degree of confirmation, and how it resolves longstanding paradoxes of inductive inference (e.g., the paradox of the ravens, the tacking paradoxes and the grue paradox). Finally, we give an axiomatic characterization of various confirmation measures and we discuss the question of whether there is a single adequate measure of confirmation or whether a pluralist position is more promising

Keywords:   confirmation, induction, Bayesian Confirmation Theory, confirmation as increase in firmness, paradoxes of inductive inference, confirmation measures, confirmational monism/pluralism, axiomatic method, method of representation theorems

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .