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Extralegal Groups in Post-Conflict Liberia – How Trade Makes the State - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Extralegal Groups in Post-Conflict Liberia: How Trade Makes the State

Christine Cheng


In the aftermath of the Liberian civil war, groups of ex-combatants took control of natural resource enclaves. With some of them threatening a return to war, these groups were widely viewed as the most significant threats to Liberia’s hard-won peace. Building on fieldwork and socio-historical analysis, this study shows how extralegal groups emerge as a product of livelihood strategies and the political economy of war. It analyzes the trajectory of extralegal groups in three sectors of the Liberian economy: rubber, diamonds, and timber. The findings offer a counterpoint to the prevailing narrat ... More

Keywords: extralegal groups, statebuilding, Liberia, post-conflict, civil war, organized crime, peacekeeping, peacebuilding, fragile states, ex-combatants

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2018 Print ISBN-13: 9780199673346
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2018 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780199673346.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Christine Cheng, author
Lecturer in War Studies, King's College London

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